substantial at zero.05 stage


Status of pollutants manage in extraordinarily pollutiveindustries during 1994-ninety five and 200-01werereported by means of Central Pollution Control Board in their Annual Reports.The decline in thenumber of units incompetent to conform withenvironmentalstandards proves development inenvironmental situationof thoseproducing areas.Though the facts fail to capturespecifically the cleansing endeavours of the Leather tanning enterprise, but indirectly it helps usto recognize universal progressive trendsof all of the pollutive industries during that duration.Besides, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal, no other leather-based generating statespossess any unitshaving inadequate centers to comply with general. From institutional perspective thisobviously marks a sizeable achievementespeciallywhen the maximum of the industries indeveloping nations are alleged with extraordinarily pollutants generating.

Table 7:Pollution Control in Leather Producing States in Indiaduring 1995-2001

States / UnionTerritories Numbers of HighlyPolluting IndustrialUnits Identified Numbers of unitsnothaving adequatefacilities to conform with standardsMarch 1995Dec 2001TamilNadu11980Uttar Pradesh2244003West Bengal582703Punjab451100Haryana430700Maharashtra3352805INDIA155125224

Source : CPCB, 1994-ninety five, 2000-01




19A enormous effort in cleaning the pollutive industry has been justified from the above tablesand diagrams.Installation of chrome recovery flora have been followed by leather tanningindustries as a selected environmental compliance degree. In Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh morethan three hundred tanneries are in observations, whilst among the big and medium plant life installedchrome healing plant life. Therising trendin chrome recuperation plantinstallation from eight in 1996to 95 in 2005 has revealed a revolutionary fashion in ambient first-class.The association betweenleather exports and hooked up Chrome Recovery Units(CRU) display a sturdy positiveassociation between them over the years (1996-2005).Pearson’s CorrelationCoefficient ( CRU, Leather Exports) = zero.945**Spearman’s Rank Correlation Coefficient (CRU, Leather Exports) = zero.881**

(** significant at zero.01 level)

Graph- eight

Chrome recuperation vegetation in Kanpur 01020304050607080901001996-971999-20002000-012001-022002-032003-042004-052005-06Chrome restoration plants inKanpur

Thus afocused analysisonpollution abatement degree and leather-based exports allows us to infer that growing stage of pollutants bog down degree help to elevate the extent of exports within the zone.Despite the obstructionofsector specificdata availabilityin pollutants intensities, thecomprehensiveportrayalhelp us to infer thatthat Indian Leather Industry has upgraded its pollutants intensitiesthrough several institutional environmental compliance and thesurveillance measure through theCPCB( Central Pollution Control Board), SPCBs( StatePollution Control Boards)andSupreme Court.Despite depictinga tremendous fashion throughassociation betweenhigher degree of BODobservationsand exports trends, the possibility of utility ofPollution Haven Hypothesiscan be rejectedin Indian Leather Industry,because the rest of the sector unique facts substantiatein favour of a progress in ambient quality of leather additional time. This tendconfirms acloseassociation between strictenvironmentalcomplianceand risingexport trendsof the industry.This is as an alternative reinforcing the Porter’s Hypothesis (1995) which statesstrict environmentalcompliance can induceefficiency ofthe corporations for extra improvements and that wouldultimately increase the competitiveness of the concerned enterprise.


Environmental requirements in leather industry had been imposed via the developed countries as anon-tariff barrier in 1989, justfive years before the birth of WTO, whose fundamental purpose turned into to



20knock downthe change obstacles and expand multilateral trade.Impositionsof environmentalstandard were taken via the Leather Industry in India as a major mission. The institutionalsupportive moves have helped the domesticindustry to continue to exist towards one of the chief non- price barrier, environmental preferred. Producing a pollutant loose commodity is one venture however producingthroughpollution unfastened manner wasa more mission faced through the IndianLeather Sector. The former helped the arena to continue to exist at the face of stiff competitions in theexternal area. However, the latter challengewhich wasseverewas efficaciously surpassed bythe enterprise.CPCB emphasizes in their consecutive Annual Reports howIndian Leather tanningIndustryhas successfullycontrolledits effluent era via commonplace effluenttreatment flora as well asfew character effluent remedy plantsand is expected to meetthe preferred of zero dischargednormsvery quickly.The risingtrend inleatherexportsat the backdrop of a hit environmental compliancesubstantiatesthe fantastic association between pollution cleaning performance and export degree.Hence, growing rate of adoption of cleaning technology is usually anticipated to elevate the extent of exports of Leather enterprise for Indian firm


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